Project / Series

Real Time Indicators

Articles highlighting what the latest real-time indicators are telling us about business, households, and the economy.


Traditional economic indicators (i.e. GDP) are typically produced on a quarterly or monthly basis; real-time indicators (RTIs) provide a more timely snapshot of the state of the economy and are published more frequently, either on a daily, weekly, or fortnightly basis.

RTIs allow for more frequent analysis during times of crisis, like the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

This page includes a discussion on what the latest RTI data shows for businesses, households, and the Scottish economy.



Ben is an economist at the Fraser of Allander Institute working across a number of projects areas. He has a Masters in Economics from the University of Edinburgh, and a degree in Economics from the University of Strathclyde.

His main areas of focus are economic policy, social care and criminal justice in Scotland. Ben also co-edits the quarter Economic Commentary and has experience in business survey design and dissemination.

Picture of Frank Brocek, assistant at the Fraser of Allander Institute
Frantisek Brocek

Frank graduated from the University of Strathclyde in 2019 with a First-class BA (Hons) degree in Economics. He is currently studying on the Scottish Graduate Programme MSc in Economics at the University of Edinburgh.

He has experience from a variety of economic policy institutions including the European Commission in Brussels, the Slovak Central Bank and the Ministry of Finance.

Adam is an Economist Fellow at the FAI who works closely with FAI partners and specialises in business analysis. Adam's research typically involves an assessment of business strategies and policies on economic, societal and environmental impacts. Adam also leads the FAI's quarterly Scottish Business Monitor.

Find out more about Adam.

Knowledge Exchange Associate at the Fraser of Allander Institute