Scottish Economy

Weekly update: our new growth forecasts predict a difficult year to come for the economy

Much of our work this week has focussed on the publication of our Quarterly Economic Commentary. We publish this every quarter, bringing together all the latest data on the UK, global and Scottish economy, producing new forecasts for Scotland, and analysing key issues as special topics in each edition.

The headlines from this edition are, unfortunately, pretty gloomy reading. In interviews about the commentary this week, we were often asked if there was any good news to be had at all. It is fair to say that it is quite hard to see any.

We’ve cut our forecasts for 2023 from 1.5% to 0.5%, as inflation is likely to persist for longer than we expected in the forecasts we produced in March. Our growth path for the rest of this year also suggest very weak growth over the remainder of 2022, with an expected contraction in the economy towards the end of the year as inflation peaks.

Another focus in the reporting of the Commentary was the analysis we did of the ONS Opinions and Lifestyle Survey. Worryingly, this data from late April/early May showed that over half of respondents are spending less on non-essentials, with a third saying that they are spending less on food and other essentials.

Growth contracts in April

The latest GDP data for April 2022 in Scotland was published on Wednesday, showing a contraction in the economy of 0.5%.

Chart: Scottish GDP (Feb 2020=100)

Scottish GDP, showing slight contraction in April


Source: Scottish Government

The latest contraction leaves the economy 0.6% above pre-pandemic (February 2020) levels of output. In April, there was minimal change in output across the production, construction, and agriculture sectors. On the other hand, services, which make up three-quarters of the Scottish economy, fell by 0.7%.

It is worth noting that (despite the messages coming from the survey we discuss above) this contraction in services was not driven by consumer­­­­-facing services, which grew by 1.1% in April. Instead, this contraction was primarily driven by health and social work and professional services.

By comparison, across the UK, total GDP and services output fell by 0.3% in April. The decline in output across services was primarily due to contractions in the human health and social work sector.

Driving this was a fall in human health activities, which contracted by 7.6% in April, largely due to a significant scale-back of the NHS’ Test and Trace and vaccination activity during this period, which is also likely to be driving the Scottish contraction in this sector.

Overall, despite a contraction in the latest month, the UK economy, like the Scottish economy, remains above pre-pandemic levels.

The next data for Scotland (for May) will be published on 27th July.

Indyref2 in October 2023?

Earlier this week, the First Minister set out the route as she sees it to the Scottish Government holding another independence referendum. Depending on the views of the supreme court, we may have a second independence referendum in October 2023.

However, if the supreme court rules that it is not within the competence of the Scottish Parliament to hold such a referendum, the Scottish Government have set out that their plan B is to fight the next General Election on this single issue, treating it as a de facto referendum.

In the meantime, we are likely to continue to see publications of papers setting out the case for Scottish independence, covering issues like currency, public finances, the type of economic model that would be adopted, social security and the trading border with the rest of the UK.

As these are released we will provide analysis of the papers to help inform the debate.

We hope those of you who are off on holiday have a great break over the Summer. We will continue to post updates over the Summer on what is happening in the economy!


Mairi is the Director of the Fraser of Allander Institute. Previously, she was the Deputy Chief Executive of the Scottish Fiscal Commission and the Head of National Accounts at the Scottish Government and has over a decade of experience working in different areas of statistics and analysis.

David is Senior Knowledge Exchange Fellow at the Fraser of Allander Institute



Emma Congreve is a Principal Knowledge Exchange Fellow and Deputy Director at the Fraser of Allander Institute. Emma's work at the Institute is focussed on policy analysis, covering a wide range of areas of social and economic policy.  Emma is an experienced economist and has previously held roles as a senior economist at the Joseph Rowntree Foundation and as an economic adviser within the Scottish Government.